Rebels with ties in Pakistan possibly looking to drive wedge with India
By Jeffrey Jolson and international reports
MUMBAI, India (RushPRnews) 11/28/08 â€” The vicious attacks on luxury hotels and the Jewish Center in Mumbai (formerly Bombay) in India are in the 26th hour with a few terrorists still holed up, but most killed – along with more than 120 victims.
Though Indian police and military officials continue the battle the armed and dangerous individuals, focus begins on who and why. â€œAn unknown group, Deccan Mujahideen, has reportedly claimed responsibility for the attacks via email, although this has yet to be verified.â€ Janeâ€™s South Asia Analyst, Urmila Venugopalan , commented.
The analyst believes the group may be â€œlinked to the Indian Mujhaideen, which sent email manifestos claiming responsibility for four attacks it carried out between November 2007 and September 2008.â€
However, most recent reports from CNN, BBC and Indiaâ€™s version of AP are saying the Deccan may be a cover-up name for Pakistani-based rebels. The terrorists would be looking to continue India and Pakistanâ€™s long-standing Cold War, which turns â€œhotâ€ at any given time.
Janeâ€™s Country Risk Daily Report explained that an examination of the strategy and tactics employed by this new group suggest significant differences to the terrorist violence that has beset India over the past 15 years and specifically over the past year. Attacking international and luxury hotels and other soft targets is not a new phenomenon in the region, particularly in light of the September 2008 Mariott bombing in Islamabad that killed more than 50 people, but the apparent focus on killing or capturing foreign businesspeople, specifically US and UK nationals, has never occurred before, suggesting a wider global anti-Western agenda. This stands in contrast to the national issues that appeared to motivate Indian Mujahideen.
From a tactical perspective most terrorist attacks in India (excluding Indian-administered Kashmir ) have been carried out through the use of improvised explosive devices planted on bicycles, motorcycles and cars, and triggered by timers or mobile telephones. In contrast, according to press reports, the attackers involved in the latest Mumbai violence were armed only with Kalashnikov assault rifles, principally, and hand grenades.
Venugopalan further commented, â€œUntil now, terrorist attacks in India have targeted civilians, often in busy market or commercial areas, and in communally sensitive areas with the intention to foment unrest between Hindu and Muslim communities. The taking of hostages, if a deliberate part of the operation, represents another new development.â€