From CGI to DNA, Veteran Casting Director Bill Dance recalls the day Director Tim Burton switched from computer graphics to live actors during the reshoots of Academy Award-winning, Alice in Wonderland.
Each time the phone rings at Bill Dance Casting, the potential to help mold Hollywood history presents itself just as it did back in March of 2009 when a member of Director Tim Burtonâ€™s staff called to hire three hundred pale-faced actors for the Red and White Queensâ€™ courts in Burtonâ€™s Academy Award-winning feature, Alice in Wonderland. In a surprising twist during post-production, Burton opted to add human elements to the background of his predominately CGI scenes. Dance applauded Burtonâ€™s decision and offered further support, â€œReal people just breathe more life and energy into the scene, and realism has more reaction and movement than digitizing. Once he (Burton) made his decision, we went in search of actors who fit the period.â€
Bill Dance Casting was part of a highly acclaimed team of production icons that included Academy Award winners Production Designer, Robert Stromberg and Costume Designer, Colleen Atwood who together transcended the Victorian era into the mystically dark world of Wonderland. White Queen Stand-in, Britt Hysen remembered being on the set, â€œThe art direction and production design was fascinating. Even with all the green screens, the White Queenâ€™s kitchen was my favorite set because of the whimsical environment and zany props.â€
Dance described his involvement as â€œsculpting the sceneâ€ to fit within the concept of the designers. The idea was to make the crowd as homogenous as possible within clothing and environment, yet still portray the qualities associated with high class Victorian society. â€œThe White Courtâ€™s ensemble required fair-skinned blondes with light colored eyes and natural hair, and older men with long, white beards to blend into the bright and cheerful essence of the White Queenâ€™s castle,â€ Dance said. â€œThe Red Court needed jewel tones, blacks, browns, and deep reds to accentuate the malicious acts of the Red Queen.â€ He noted his close attention to the facial features of every background actor to compliment Strombergâ€™s and Atwoodâ€™s designs. Hysen commented on Danceâ€™s attention to detail, â€œEach person added such a majestic and regal appearance. It was particularly remarkable to see how well the faces fit the costumes and period.â€
Having worked closely with Colleen Atwood on numerous films during his thirty-year casting career, Dance credited her as a â€˜master in her craftâ€™. â€œFrom the colors to the material, sheâ€™s constantly thinking â€˜do these clothes compliment the production design?â€™ Then I try to make her work easier by giving an accurate prototype to dress,â€ he stated. When working on period pieces, the casting staff researches history to authentically match the background actor with the costumes and environment. In doing so, Bill Dance Casting presents the production design team with hundreds of pictures of hand-picked background actors, creating palettes of personalities that flatter each scene. â€œAs a true artist,â€ Dance explained, â€œColleenâ€™s unique style comes through her innate ability to go inside the character and reveal an identity through clothing.â€ Dance takes great pleasure in providing the perfect face and body type to fulfill her vision. Hysen added, â€œThe costumes were incredible – one of the most flavorful aspects of the set. Each person wore something unique that embellished their character.â€
When Dance visited the Alice in Wonderland set during a White Queen court scene, his senses were indulged. â€œEverything was so harmonious. You could feel the textures of the patterns just by looking at them. Even though you had to use your imagination to fill in the rest of the set, the production design flowed so nicely with the people and costumes.â€
The choice to switch from animation to live action proved fortuitous for Burton when Atwood and Stromberg both took home the Academy Award in February for their work on Alice. â€œIn order for a production to radiate creative unity, every person must work together for the betterment of each scene,â€ Dance stated. â€œCostume design, production design, and casting are all facets of movie-making that breathe life into the story and generate relatable experiences for the audience.â€
Bill Dance Castingâ€™s collaboration with Director, Tim Burton and Costume Designer, Colleen Atwood dates back to the 90s film, Ed Wood.